IEDs, made infamous in Iraq and Afghanistan, are a potential terrorist weapon anywhere in the world. Most counter-IED technologies are targeted at the point of the blast. DEFUSE can interdict and disrupt OPFOR activities left of the blast, well before planting and detonating the IED. The system integrates three layers of simulation: social, process, and environmental.


H. V. D. Parunak, J. Sauter, and J. Crossman. Multi-Layer Simulation for Analyzing IED Threats. In Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Technologies for Homeland Security (HST 2009), Waltham, MA, IEEE, 2009.

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